Country profile, June 2011
Key policy documentsConsulted key e-government policy documents.
- eGovernment Factsheet Spain, (pdf)
- Open Data: An International Comparison of Strategies, (pdf)
- Open Data Policy in the Balearic Islands
- Open Data Policy in the Region of Navarra
- ePSIplatform Topic Report, State of Play of PSI Re-use in Spain
- Open Data Catalogs
- Open Government Data, SharePSI presentation
ActorsE-government actors involved in the collaborative production.
Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, 2010: Programme “Avanza2”. Several regions in Spain have actively developed open data policies (e.g. the Basque Country, Catalonia and Aragon), In Spain, regional politicians championed open data policy.
Coverage in policy documentsCoverage of collaborative production in e-government policy documents.
Information to be provided by the Member State.
Definitionsof collaborative production used.
“Data are crucial for the knowledge economy. By publishing Public Sector Data, more (economic) value can be generated. The data are a source for the development of new products and services. In addition, data are important to exercise one’s democratic rights. Citizens are better informed about and engaged in government.”
PrioritiesPriorities covered and/or stimulated. (Top-down collaboration or bottom-up collaborative production)
Policy cycleCollaborative production in the policy cycle (development, implementation, evaluation).
ForeseenForeseen policy interventions and instruments.
A public consultation was launched for the development of the Royal Decree for the development of the PSI reusability national law (Ley 37/2007). The Royal Decree under development aims to pave the way for the reuse of PSI in Spain, decreasing the barriers identified since the approval of the law. It is foreseen this new law will be approved in 2011.
The Spanish Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce and the Ministry of the Presidency carry out the Aporta Project, an initiative designed to foster re-use of public sector information in Spain.
Legal provisionsWith regard to the implementation of Freedom of Information, PSI Re-use and correlation with collaborative e-government.
The Law on the re-use of public sector information (Law 37/2007) of 16 November 2007 implements the EU Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of Public Sector Information into Spanish law. Spain thus notified full transposition of this Directive to the European Commission. Currently, a Royal Decree for the development of the law is under development.
In February 2011 the government of the Spanish Balearic Islands has announced their intent to open up government data for unrestricted re-use and launched a data portal where the released datasets can be accessed. The portal can be found at dadesobertes.caib.es. The region of Navarra launched a similar initiative in early 2011. Open data projects have also been launched by local authorities, for instance, by Zaragoza City Council in Spain. The biggest such project is the open data portal for the Basque Country.
Public service domainsPublic service domains covered (based on 20 basic services).
The 12 services for citizens are as follows:
- Income taxes: declaration, notification of assessment
- Job search services by labor offices
- Social security benefits
- Personal documents: passport and driver’s license
- Car registration (new, used, imported cars)
- Application for building permission
- Declaration to the police (e.g. in case of theft)
- Public libraries (availability of catalogues, search tools)
- Certificates (birth and marriage): request and delivery
- Enrolment in higher education/university
- Announcement of moving (change of address)
- Health related services (interactive advice on the availability of services in different hospitals; appointments for hospitals
The 8 services for businesses are as follows:
- Social contributions for employees
- Corporate tax: declaration, notification
- VAT: declaration, notification
- Registration of a new company
- Submission of data to statistical offices
- Customs declarations
- Environment-related permits (incl. reporting)
- Public procurement