Spain


Country profile, June 2011

Key policy documents

Consulted key e-government policy documents.



Actors

E-government actors involved in the collaborative production.

Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio, 2010: Programme “Avanza2”. Several regions in Spain have actively developed open data policies (e.g. the Basque Country, Catalonia and Aragon), In Spain, regional politicians championed open data policy.



Coverage in policy documents

Coverage of collaborative production in e-government policy documents.

Information to be provided by the Member State.



Definitions

of collaborative production used.

“Data are crucial for the knowledge economy. By publishing Public Sector Data, more (economic) value can be generated. The data are a source for the development of new products and services. In addition, data are important to exercise one’s democratic rights. Citizens are better informed about and engaged in government.”



Priorities

Priorities covered and/or stimulated. (Top-down collaboration or bottom-up collaborative production)

  • Education and training (guidelines) The Spanish government developed a guide for government practitioners to stimulate public sector information reuse (http://www.aporta.es/web/guest/form_descarga_aporta).
  • The “political leadership” factor which was identified as a driver for open data policy by Spain.



    Policy cycle

    Collaborative production in the policy cycle (development, implementation, evaluation).

  • Beginning 2010 saw the first contest in Spain to develop applications for creating public services using public data: "Desafío Abredatos", literally "Open Data Challenge". It was coordinated by the Pro Bono Público association and sponsored, among others, by the Basque regional government.
  • The Aporta Project, initiated by the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce and the Ministry of the Presidency, is supposed to raise transparency in Spanish government and promote government data re-use. It is a repository and search engine similar to the United States’ data.gov portal. Aporta has a budget of 1 million, allocated to the construction and maintenance of the online portal. Government organizations can upload data and share it with citizens, business and public sector organizations. The Aporta Project has been launched within the framework of the national Information Society strategy Plan Avanza II99 (2011-2015). Plan Avanza II includes open government as one of its strategic objectives, however, progress in other area is still in an early stage.100At the time of the assessment, the Spanish government had launched a public consultation on its law 37/2007 to allow re-use of government data. Social media policies or guidelines could not be identified for the Spanish government.
  • On November 10th 2010, the Catalan regional government also launched an open government data portal.
  • Datos Públicos101 is a public wiki to collect open government date sources in Spain.



    Foreseen

    Foreseen policy interventions and instruments.

    A public consultation was launched for the development of the Royal Decree for the development of the PSI reusability national law (Ley 37/2007). The Royal Decree under development aims to pave the way for the reuse of PSI in Spain, decreasing the barriers identified since the approval of the law. It is foreseen this new law will be approved in 2011.

    The Spanish Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce and the Ministry of the Presidency carry out the Aporta Project, an initiative designed to foster re-use of public sector information in Spain.



    Legal provisions

    With regard to the implementation of Freedom of Information, PSI Re-use and correlation with collaborative e-government.

    The Law on the re-use of public sector information (Law 37/2007) of 16 November 2007 implements the EU Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of Public Sector Information into Spanish law. Spain thus notified full transposition of this Directive to the European Commission. Currently, a Royal Decree for the development of the law is under development.

    In February 2011 the government of the Spanish Balearic Islands has announced their intent to open up government data for unrestricted re-use and launched a data portal where the released datasets can be accessed. The portal can be found at dadesobertes.caib.es. The region of Navarra launched a similar initiative in early 2011. Open data projects have also been launched by local authorities, for instance, by Zaragoza City Council in Spain. The biggest such project is the open data portal for the Basque Country.



    Public service domains

    Public service domains covered (based on 20 basic services).

    The 12 services for citizens are as follows:

    1. Income taxes: declaration, notification of assessment
    2. Job search services by labor offices
    3. Social security benefits
    4. Personal documents: passport and driver’s license
    5. Car registration (new, used, imported cars)
    6. Application for building permission
    7. Declaration to the police (e.g. in case of theft)
    8. Public libraries (availability of catalogues, search tools)
    9. Certificates (birth and marriage): request and delivery
    10. Enrolment in higher education/university
    11. Announcement of moving (change of address)
    12. Health related services (interactive advice on the availability of services in different hospitals; appointments for hospitals

    The 8 services for businesses are as follows:
    1. Social contributions for employees
    2. Corporate tax: declaration, notification
    3. VAT: declaration, notification
    4. Registration of a new company
    5. Submission of data to statistical offices
    6. Customs declarations
    7. Environment-related permits (incl. reporting)
    8. Public procurement



    Other information

    Information to be provided by the Member State.